Battery Test Standards

Did You Know

Features:

  • Temperatures Range from -73°C to 190°C (-100°F to 375°F)
  • Humidity Range from 10% to 98%
  • Altitude, Vibration and Thermal Shock Capabilities

Specifications:

  • Temperature Cycling Chambers with and without Humidity
  • AGREE Vibration Chambers with Temperature and Humidity
  • Altitude Chambers
  • Explosion Proof Safety Chambers
  • Thermal Shock Chambers
  • Industrial Safety Ovens

Products:

IEC 62660-2

Reliability & Abuse Testing for Lithium Ion Cells in Electric Vehicles

  • Capacity discharge test at -20°C, 0°C, 25°C and 45°C
  • High temperature endurance This test is performed to characterize cell responses to high-temperature environment. Raise temp at rate of 5°C/min to 130°C +/-2°C. Soak for 30 min
  • Temperature cycling This test is performed to characterize thermal durability of cell by exposing at low and high temperature environment alternately to cause expansion and contraction of cell components. Start and end below test at 25°C.
    • Test without electrical operation. Cycles between minimum temperature of -40°C (or specified by mfg) and max of +85°C (or specified by mfg). Repeat for 30 cycles. Refer to spec for timed ramps.
    • Test with electrical operation. Cycles between minimum temperature of -20°C and mac of +65° C. Repeat for 30 cycles. Refer to spec for timed ramps.

SAE J2464

EV & HEV Rechargeable Energy Storage System Safety & Abuse Testing

  • Thermal Stability. Increasing temperature in 5°C increments.
  • Temperature Cycling. Cycle between 70°C to -40°C. (soak cells for 1 hr and modules & packs for 6 hours). Repeat for a total of 5 cycles

IEC 60086-4

Primary Batteries, Part 4: Safety of Lithium Batteries

  • Altitude Simulation Test Store at pressure of 11.6 kPA or less for a minimum of 6 hrs at ambient.
  • Thermal Cycling Store for a minimum of 6 hours at 75°C and -40°C with transition time of ≤30 minutes in between for 10 cycles. Store a minimum of 24 hours at ambient.
  • External Short Circuit Product temperature to stabilize at 55°C.
  • Thermal Abuse Raise temperature 5°C/min. to 130°C and soak for 10 minutes.

UL 1642

Standard for Lithium Batteries

  • Short circuit test at 20°C & 55°C
  • Heating test from 20°C to 130°C at 5°C/min and soak for 10 minutes. Return to 20°C.
  • Temperature Cycling test with a max of 30 minute transitions
    • 70°C and soak for 4 hours
    • 20°C and soak for 2 hours
    • -40°C and soak for 4 hours. Return to 20°C. Repeat for total of 10 cycles. Store for a minimum of 24 hours at 20°C
  • Altitude Simulation Test
    • Store for 6 hours at 11.6kpa (50,000) and a temperature of 20°C

UN Lithium Battery Testing

  • Altitude Simulation Test
    • Store at 11.6kpa (50,000) and a temperature of 20°C for a minimum of 6 hours.
  • Temperature Cycling Test Store at 75°C and -40°C for a minimum of 6 hours for small cells & batteries or a minimum of 12 hours for large cells & batteries with 30 minutes transitions. Repeat for a total of 10 cycles. Store for 24 hours at 20°C.

IEC 61960

Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications

  • Discharge performance test at 20°C and -20°C

IEC 62133

Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes – Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications

  • Altitude Simulation Test Store at 11.6kpa (50,000) and a temperature of 20°C for 6 hours.
  • Temperature cycling Test at 75°C and soak for 4 hours, 20°C at for a minimum of 2 hours, -20°C at 4 hours, then return to 20°C and soak for a minimum of 2 hours (≤30 minute transitions). Repeat for total of 5 cycles.
  • Thermal Abuse Heat from 20°C to 130°C at a rate of 5°C/min and soak for 10 minutes.

UL 2054

Household and Commercial Batteries

  • Heating test from 20°C to 130°C at 5°C/min and soak for 10 minutes. Return to 20°C.
  • Temp Cycling test with a max of 30 minute transitions
    • 70°C and soak for 4 hours
    • 20°C and soak for 2 hours
    • -40°C and soak for 4 hours. Return to 20°C. Repeat for total of 10 cycles. Store for a minimum of 24 hours at 20°C

IEEE 1625

Laptop Rechargeable Batteries

  • Altitude Simulation Test Store at 11.6kpa (50,000) and a temperature of 20°C
  • Heating Test 130°C for 10 minutes
  • Temperature Cycling Test Store at 75°C and -40°C for a minimum of 4 hours. Repeat for a total of 5 cycles.

IEEE 1725

Phone Rechargeable Batteries

  • Heating Test 130°C for 60 minutes
  • Temperature Stability 150°C for 10 minutes
Hazard Severity Level Description Classification Criteria and Effect
0 No Effect No effect. No loss of functionality
1 Passive Protection Activated No damage or hazard, reversible loss of function. Replacement or resetting of protection device is sufficient to restore normal functionality.
2 Defect/Damage No hazard but damage to RESS: irreversible. Replacement or repair needed
3 Minor Leakage/Venting Evidence of cell leakage or venting with RESS weight loss <50% of electrolyte weight
4 Major Leakage Evidence of cell leakage or venting with RESS weight loss >50% of electrolyte weight
5 Rupture Loss of mechanical integrity of the RESS container resulting in release of contents. The kinetic energy of released material is not sufficient to cause physical damage external to the RESS.
6 Fire or Flame Ignition and sustained combustion of flammable gas or liquid (approximately more than one second). Sparks are not flames.
7 Explosion Very fast release of energy sufficient to cause pressure wave and/or projectiles that may cause considerable structural or bodily damage depending on the size of the RESS. The kinetic energy of flying debris from the RESS may be sufficient to cause damage as well.

Reference: FreedomCAR: Electrical Energy Storage System Abuse Test Manual for Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Applications SAND 2005-2013.